One-fourth of the 26.9 million American adults who have diabetes report using alcohol. Peer pressure and work-related stress are the two main reasons for this.
Unfortunately, diabetes can cause complications such as kidney and heart disease. In 2018 alone, 8.25 million patients with diabetes needed hospitalization due to associated complications with their condition. There is now also evidence that suggests alcohol misuse may potentially speed up the process of bodily impediment.
What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes refers to a medical condition in which the body cannot regulate its blood sugar levels within the normal range.
Doctors diagnose individuals with diabetes if they have:
- An HbA1c (a blood marker for diabetes) level equal to or greater than 6.5%
- A fasting blood sugar level equal to or greater than 126 mg/dl
- An oral glucose tolerance test value greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl
Types of Diabetes
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps lower blood sugar levels following a meal. In patients with diabetes, the body is either unable to produce insulin (type 1 diabetes) or resistant to insulin’s effects (type 2 diabetes).
As a result, the blood sugar levels of these patients remain elevated for longer.
- Frequent urination
- Increase in thirst and hunger
- Weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Numbness (or tingling) in hands and feet
- Skin dryness
- Slow wound healing
- Susceptibility to infections