Recent trends in substance use during pregnancy are concerning. Research shows a 130% increase in opioid-misuse-related diagnoses in pregnant women over the past decade. In addition, every one in seven women reports using alcohol while pregnant.
Drug misuse has severe consequences for the mother and her unborn baby. These include slow fetal growth, intrauterine fetal death, and stillbirths.
Fortunately, medication-assisted treatments (MAT) can reduce drug misuse and the risk of pregnancy complications. Here we discuss if naltrexone — a part of MAT — is safe to take while pregnant.
What is Naltrexone, And How Does it Work?
Naltrexone is an opioid antagonist available in oral and injectable formulations. It binds to opioid receptors in the brain without activating them. As a result, it blocks the addictive and euphoric effects of opioids while also reducing cravings for alcohol.