When you’re looking for treatment for opioid use disorder, there are several options from which to choose, including inpatient and outpatient rehab programs. One option that is also available is medication assisted treatment (MAT), in which opioid treatment medications are used, often alongside counseling, to treat an opioid use disorder. If you’re searching for “medically assisted treatment near me,” it’s helpful to know the information below.
What Is A Medication-Assisted Treatment Program?
Medication-assisted treatment for opioid addiction is a treatment modality that combines the use of FDA-approved medications with behavioral approaches, often counseling, to treat opioid addiction. MAT is beneficial for treating opioid use disorders, because the medications used in MAT treatment can alleviate cravings and withdrawal symptoms, to make it easier for patients to focus on their recovery.
Medications Involved In MAT
There are several types of MAT utilized in opioid addiction treatment. Two common medications are as follows:
- Buprenorphine: Buprenorphine acts as a partial opioid agonist, meaning that it occupies the same receptors that drugs like heroin do, albeit to a lesser extent. By occupying these receptors, buprenorphine reduces drug cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
A formulation that includes buprenorphine in combination with naloxone is marketed under the brand name Suboxone. This medication is beneficial because naloxone acts as an opioid blocker and prevents patients from misusing their medication.
- Methadone: Methadone is another opioid use disorder medication that minimizes cravings and withdrawal symptoms. It is a long-acting opioid that acts as a full agonist, meaning that it behaves just like other opioid drugs.
When used as a part of an MAT program, buprenorphine and methadone are often referred to as “maintenance therapy.” This means that patients are maintained on these medications for months, or even years, to keep them engaged in their recovery.
Another type of medication assisted treatment for opioid use is a vivitrol assistance program. Vivitrol is the brand name for an extended-release version of naltrexone, an opioid agonist that is used after detox to prevent relapse. Vivitrol is available in doses that are injected into the muscles, typically once a month.