Using reinforcement can create an environment where your loved one has less time to engage in harmful or negative behaviors. It is helpful to understand the psychological concept of reinforcement.
Reinforcement is a psychological term that refers to anything that can increase or strengthen a behavior. A reinforcers are different for everyone and are powerful tools for shaping behaviors.
The Types of Reinforcement
There are two types of reinforcement:
- Positive reinforcement - Adding something to increase or strengthen a behavior, such as giving them praise (the reinforcer) for completing a task (the desired behavior).
- Negative reinforcement - Removing something to increase or strengthen a behavior, such as canceling a test (the reinforcer) because every student in class turned in their homework on time (the desired behavior).